Golden, top-fermented style native to Köln, Germany. The style has a very narrow profile and many beers that consider themselves to be Kölsch-beers are not. Generally they have a moderate bitterness, but fairly prominent hop flavour (typically Spalt, Tettnang, or Hallertau). They have high effervescence, medium esters, but a rounded, stylish character derived from lagering. Many Kölsch-beers are brewed using additional wheat-malt to create a smoother sweeter taste.